Tania Bruguera choreographs political performances that examine institutionalized injustice, and has been outspoken about the Cuban government and its oppressive policies. She received her BFA from Escuela de Arte San Alejandro in Havana, and MFAs in painting and in performance from Instituto Superior de Arte in Havana and School of the Art Institute of Chicago, respectively.
Among her most powerful works: “The Burden of Guilt” (“El Peso de la Culpa,” 1997–99), a performance informed by the tale of mass suicide of indigenous Cubans in resisting the Spanish; and “Department of Behavior Art” (“Cátedra Arte de Conducta,” 2002–09), an alternative art school she created for artists and students to explore the making of arte útil (useful art). In “Tatlin’s Whisper #5” (2008), visitors to the Tate Modern were confronted by police officer performers responding to an imagined riot. In “Tatlin’s Whisper #6 in Havana” (2009), Bruguera created a temporary space for the kind of free speech normally denied in Cuba.